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what was an outcome of the peloponnesian war quizlet

Hence, there is a need for a proper study concerning the individual situations, reactions, and actions taken. What comes out of Thucydides' account of the war distinctly? The Peloponnesian War (431 - 404 B.C.) - It helped democracy spread to many city-states around the Aegean Sea. Importance of the Peloponnesian War . Find a summary of this and each chapter of The History of the Peloponnesian War! Avoidance of battle with Spartans, the abandonment of Attica, raids on the Peloponnese and expansion into the north and east. 'The Athenians everywhere destroyed oligarchies, the Spartans democracies. Lasting for more than a quarter of a century, it marked the end of the golden age of Greece. It was important for the Athenians in how they percieved themselves and why they wanted conflict with Sparta eg Pericles' Funeral Oration - praise of the Athenian way of doing things whilst criticising the Spartans. Unfortunately, the response to the question is yes; the war can be inevitable. Thucydides in Book 7 recounts a massacre at Mycalessus, where Athenian soldiers destroyed and attacked a school. There are superficial causes (triggers) eg conflic with Potidaea, Corcyra, Aegina and Megara. Athens' Golden Age Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. What came after the Peace of Nicias and the end of the Archidamian War? Fought between the allies of Sparta and the empire of Athens, the crippling Peloponnesian War paved the way for the Macedonian takeover of Greece by Philip II of Macedon and, following that, Alexander the Great's empire. 2 The question that crosses the mind of the readers, as they read the book, Peloponnesian war, is that; is war inevitable? Due to involvement in the progressive era, the women got the right to vote. Sparta seems to have been particularly alarmed at the growing power of Athens, able to build an ever-bigger fleet of ships thanks to tributes from its allies and dependants. Thucydides believed that Sparta was getting scared of Athens which caused the war. The Peloponnesian War Causes. Xenophon who picks up where Thucydides left off but doesnt overlap, Herodotus who occasionally mentions a later event but doesnt overlap, Diodorus Siculus who in part is re-writing Thucydides and so there is not a totally seperate version. - It spread democracy to Sparta and a few other small city-states. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War webquest print page. Decelea in Athens was where the Spartans created a permanent base - they are not just invading annually anymore in order to get the Athenians to fight them. It was a struggle for power between the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta . The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was fought between Athens and its empire, known as the Delian League, and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. And these conflicts last for, on the order of about 15 years, and they're ended with what's called the Peace of 30 Years. Why is the polarisation of the Greeks during the Peloponnesian War surprising? What is another example of negative warfare in the Peloponnesian Wars, other than the battle of the Thebans and Plataeans? During this conflict, Greek warfare evolved from an originally limited and formalized form of conflict, to all-out … Sparta became the dominant city state for a while but lost the authority as leagues and alliances sprouted up around them. Which state does Athens impose harshly on? Before the Peloponnesian War, the city-states of Greece had worked together to fight off the Persians. What was the political division between the Spartans and Athenians? What does Ober argue about the Peloponnesian War? What was the final period of the Peloponnesian war known as? What was the ethnic division between the Athenians and the Spartans? There were more Spartan invasions of Attica and increased Spartan focus on a growth in naval power. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Why does Thucydides think that the Peloponnesian Wars is warranting such bad warfare? Though it was formally a state of peace, practically hostilities and conflicts continued on for example the Battle of Mantineia in 418 BC (this was a picth battle). Chapter Summary for Thucydides's The History of the Peloponnesian War, book 5 chapter 17 summary. Persuaded Athens assembly to take a hard line when the Spartans demanded that Athens ease restrictions on city-states allied with Sparta. When was the half time period after the Peace of Nicias? What unusual battle does Thucydides account as the first battle of the Peloponnesian War? Pericles died unexpectedly. In the 5th century BCE Sparta and Athens were the two major powers in Greece and it was perhaps inevitable that their spheres of influence would overlap and cause conflict. Why is the Ionian war also called the Decelean war? The FIRST phase of Peloponnesian War was uneventful and shorter than the second because... answer choices . It is a war which polarises the Greek world - you are either with Athens or with Sparta. the downfall of the Delian League (in effect the Athenian Empire). What other sources could we look at for the significance of the war? What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War according to Thucydides? Sparta's leaders gave Athens an ultimatum, these types of government were on a quest for power. What effect did the Peloponnesian War have on democracy? 12. They starved Athens into submission after 27 years and Sparta succeeded in dismantling the Athenian empire and Sparta inevitably wins the Peloponnesian War. The Histories, a historical text, was written by Athenian Thucydides, who was considered one of the first historians to produce a book that was written using a scientific application and without reference to the gods. It was fought in 5th century BC between the democratic Athens and the Peloponnesian League led by oligarchic Sparta. Athenians were Ionians and Spartans were Dorians. This copper engraving by Matthaus Merian illustration depicts the Athenian naval defeat near Corinth … What does Thucydides believe about the dates of the war? What occured within the half time after the Peace of Nicias? What Athenian aggression occured during the half time period after the Peace of Nicias? ere not allowed to. The Athenian fleet was destroyed which left Athens unable to supply food to Attica and due to starvation the Athenians were forced to surrender to Sparta. What disaster occured for the Athenians during the half time period after the Peace of Nicias? Results of the Peloponnesian War Athens is defeated - End of Golden Age, Greek city-states severely weakened, Socrates is blamed for result of war and sentenced to death, King Philip of Macedonia is able to conquer all of Greece because the Greeks had been weakened by 30 years of war famous Greek historian wrote about the Peloponnesian War and is considered the first scientific historian because he relied on only facts. The causes of the main Peloponnesian War need to be traced at least to the early 430s—the Great Gap period—although if Thucydides was right in his general explanation for the war, namely Spartan fear of Athenian expansion, the development of the entire 5th century and indeed part of the 6th were relevant.. What effect did the divisions in politics have on the Athenians? Why are we dependent on Thucydides as a source for the Peloponnesian War? About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War. Democracy in Athens was briefly overthrown in 411 BCE as a result of its poor handling of the Peloponnesian War. . Athens army refused to face Sparta. Simultaneous to the end of this conflict came the end of the golden age of ancient Greece. The problem is war itself as a corrupting entity - the more war you fight the worse this war becomes 'proves a rough master' - a progressive decline in moral standards throughout the war as seen in Thucydides - is this a change in practice of warfare or a change in how people percieve war. Athens and Sparta had fought each other before the outbreak of the Great Peloponnesian War (in what is sometimes called the First Peloponnesian War) but had agreed to a truce, called the Thirty Years’ Treaty, in 445. Democracies supported Athens and oligarchies supported Sparta. Ethnic ties weren't working any longer after the Peloponnesian Wars and he believed that ethnicity wasn't important however because he is stating this opinion, we can infer that others believed ethnicity to be an important factor. Why does Plato think that the Peloponnesian Wars is warranting such bad warfare? Thebans against the city of Plataea - Thebans bribed their way into the city (no invasion), Plataea outsmarted them by fake-surrendering, women and slaves were involved in the battle, weapons used were stones and tiles, some Thebans retreat because of bad weather - it is the opposite of idealised warfare. The Peloponnesian war happened in 431 to 404 BC between Athens and Sparta, it began because of the fear that Sparta had of the power and prosperity of Athens and lasted 27 years. Persia and Sparta was eventually successful. told Sparta to attack Athens, or else they and their navy will change sides to Athenian allies. Despite his involvement in the war and his Athenian roots, Thucydides represented himself as an unbiased witness … Greeks fighting Greeks it is not natural unlike fighting barbarians such as Persians. A granddaughter city Epidamnus 415-413 BC - shows Athenian self-belief to Thucydides the... Will See, this Peace of Nicias quest for power between the Spartans by contrasting them with the Athenians who... Fighting barbarians such as Persians Thucydides as a source period of the most important Wars in progressive. Politics about democracies and oligarchies ( 431-404 BCE ) who are we dependent on a! Another example of negative warfare in the ancient Greece the conflict between Athens and Corinth, and. … Start studying Greece Pre al sol review Athenian Empire and Sparta appeal to for especially financial during! A pitched battle during the half time period after the Athenians during the half time after... 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