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Despite his unusual behavior, Turner continued to produce great works of art. Media in category "Paintings by J. M. W. Turner" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. J.M.W. Although Turner never married, he fathered two daughters, Eveline and Georgiana. His mother died when he was still young, and young Joseph received only the most rudimentary of education from his father. Omissions? Turner was secretive and prolific in his paintings and did more than any other artist to elevate landscape painting to the lofty status of historical painting that was universally held to be the highest form of Western painting. Even in paintings of actual places, such as St. Mawes at the Pilchard Season (1812), the hard facts of topography are diffused behind pearly films of colour; other pictures, such as Frosty Morning (1813), are based entirely on effects of light. He employed several engravers, although he supervised the work at every stage, etched some of the plates himself, and made innumerable preparatory drawings. Turner. The first part appeared in June 1807 and the last in 1819, when Turner evidently lost interest in the project and abandoned it after the publication of 71 plates. He is famous for his expressive paintings of landscapes and the sea. From 1792 he spent his summers touring the country in search of subjects, filling his sketchbooks with drawings to be worked up later into finished watercolours. JMW Turner Biography Joseph Mallord William Turner was the son of a barber in London called William Turner and his mother’s name was Mary Marshall. By appending long poetic quotations from James Thomson’s Seasons (1726), from works by Lord Byron, John Milton, William Shakespeare, and Alexander Pope, or attributed to his own poetic composition Fallacies of Hope (never completed), Turner showed that he regarded the literary-historical interpretation of his works as being of paramount importance. Joseph began to sketch pictures when he was a young boy. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The life of English painter Joseph Mallord William Turner, known as "the painter of light", has been entirely devoted to his art. Joseph Mallord William Turner at Olga's Gallery. Author of. Turner’s aim was to document the great variety and range of landscape; some of the subjects were taken from his own existing paintings and watercolours. Turner knew his rightful place among the Old Masters; 150 years after his death the people of England agreed with him. Turner was born in 1775 in the district of Covent Garden in London.The exact date of his birth is not known with certainty though he himself claimed it was April 23.He was the first and only child to survive till adulthood of William Turner, a barber and wig maker, and his wife Mary Marshall. Jelly Roll Morton was an American pianist and songwriter best known for influencing the formation of modern day jazz during the 1920s. Turner 1834. Turner was a British landscape painter of the 18th and 19th centuries whose work is known for its luminous, almost abstract quality. From 1828, and particularly after his father’s death in 1829, Turner often visited the earl of Egremont at Petworth, Sussex, producing splendid sketches of the earl’s house and its gardens. Biography of J.M.W. Turner, in full Joseph Mallord William Turner, (born April 23, 1775, London, England—died December 19, 1851, London), English Romantic landscape painter whose expressionistic studies of light, colour, and atmosphere were unmatched in their range and sublimity. More images 20+ Home. The crossing to Calais was rough, and in his picture Calais Pier (1802–03) he left a vivid record of his experience upon arrival. JMW Turner (1775-1851): Biography of English Romantic Landscape Painter, Watercolourist, Famous for The Fighting Temeraire (1839) JMW Turner Biography of English Landscape Artist, Watercolour Painter. A sickly child, J.M.W. He deserves a thorough twenty-first century biography, and Franny Moyle has provided an excellent one. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Turner - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775 – 1851) was an English painter whose Romantic works featured some of the best landscapes of the 19th century. Turner entered the Royal Academy schools in 1789 and soon began exhibiting his watercolours there. Shields, on the River Tyne 1823, JMW Turner.jpg 235 × 166; 10 KB Some of his drawings were sold from his father's shop. By 1846 he owned a house by the river at Chelsea, where he lived with a widow, Sophia Caroline Booth, assuming her surname. Joseph Mallord William Turner was born above his father's barber shop in London, England on April 23, 1775. His father, William Gay Turner (27 January 1738 – 7 August 1829), was a barber and wig maker. In 1807, Turner accepted a position as professor of perspective at the Royal Academy, where he lectured until 1828. Turner was sent to live with his uncle in rural England, and it was during this period that he began his artistic career. Turner. With Dido and Aeneas, Leaving Carthage on the Morning of the Chase (1814), Turner began a series of Carthaginian subjects. He was just 10 years old. In 1794 Turner began working for engravers, supplying designs for the Copper Plate Magazine and the Pocket Magazine. They show a great advance in his style, particularly in the matter of colour, which became purer and more prismatic, with a general heightening of key. His father went to live with him and devoted the rest of his life to serving as his son’s studio assistant and general agent. He spent three months in Rome—also visiting Naples, Florence, and Venice—and returned home in midwinter. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Turner continued to travel in search of inspiration. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Turner, in full Joseph Mallord William Turner, (born April 23, 1775, London, England—died December 19, 1851, London), English Romantic landscape painter whose expressionistic studies of light, colour, and atmosphere were unmatched in their range and sublimity. Are you an author? Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock, November 26, 1939) is an American-born Swiss singer, songwriter, dancer and actress.Known as the "Queen of Rock 'n' Roll", she rose to prominence as the frontwoman of The Ike & Tina Turner Revue before launching a successful career as a solo performer.She is noted for her energetic stage presence, powerful vocals, and career longevity. J.M.W. Joseph Mallord William Turner RA (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851) was an English romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker. Although he received little formal schooling, Turner was clearly a talented artist, and by age 13 he was selling drawings that were featured at his father's shop. Joseph Mallord William Turner British, 1775 - 1851. The last exhibitions of his life, at the academy in 1850, included four works on the same theme. J.M.W. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Joseph Mallord William Turner was a British painter and watercolorist who lived during the 19th century. He struggled with drug addiction and died of an accidental cocaine overdose. Turner’s masterpiece of this period is the Dort, or Dortrecht: The Dort Packet Boat from Rotterdam Becalmed (1817–18), a tribute to Cuyp. J.M.W Turner (the J.M.W stands for Joseph Mallord William by the way), was born in London in 1775. Turner: A Biography Paperback – June 23, 2014 by Howard Brinkley (Author), LifeCaps (Author) › Visit Amazon's LifeCaps Page. Enter your search terms. Turner? JMW (or Joseph Mallord William) Turner was born on April 23rd, 1775, in London. Known as the “Painter of Light,” he created scenes of luminous imagery using brilliant colors. After a trip to the field of Waterloo and the Rhine in 1817, Turner set out in the summer of 1819 on his first visit to Italy. Turner was the son of a barber. J.M.W. The Slave Ship, originally titled Slavers Throwing overboard the Dead and Dying—Typhoon coming on, is a painting by the British artist J. M. W. Turner, first exhibited at The Royal Academy of Arts in 1840. From 1796 Turner exhibited oil paintings as well as watercolours at the Royal Academy. In 1807 he was appointed professor of perspective. He made more than 400 drawings during this tour of France and Switzerland and continued for many years to paint pictures of scenes that had impressed him on the trip. J.M.W. J M W Turner is known for Romantic landscape, skyscape and seascape painting. During the 1820s Turner alternated tours of the continent with visits to various parts of England and Scotland. J. M. W. Turner (1775 - 1851) was active/lived in United Kingdom, England. Turner soon earned a steady income through a variety of artistic endeavors, including selling designs to engravers, coloring sketches and providing private lessons. In 2005 the British Broadcasting Corporation sponsored a program to find the greatest painting in Britain. His will allocated generous sums to Hannah Danby and to programs to support what he called "decaying artists," although relatives successfully contested the funding of those programs through litigation. MAIN A-Z INDEX - A-Z of ARTISTS. Turner was born in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, London, England. He is a central figure in Christianity and is emulated as the incarnation of God by many Christians all over the world. Turner was a British landscape painter of the 18th and 19th centuries whose work is known for its luminous, almost abstract quality. See search results for this author. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. One of the largest collections of paintings online. During his journey he made about 1,500 drawings, and in the next few years he painted a series of pictures inspired by what he had seen. Turner began traveling through Europe extensively and was particularly inspired by his visits to Venice. He was born in Maiden Lane, London on the 23rd of April, 1775. Known simply as William Turner whilst he was alive, he was famous for his expressive landscapes and seascapes, as well as his experimental use of colour. When he was just 14 years old he became a student at the Royal Academy of Art in London. Turner’s many marine subjects, in which he dramatically builds upon the foundation of the Dutch 17th-century tradition, reveal his methodical attempt to master every landscape style he admired and the ease with which he accomplished this. Though he is best known for his oil paints, he is also considered one of the founders of English watercolor landscape painting. Joseph Mallord William Turner was one of the leading British artists of his time,… J. M. W. Turner - 180 Artworks, Bio … Biography A brief illustrated biography is available on the Tate website.. However, many believed the children’s mother was actually Mrs. Danby’s niece, Hannah, who was employed by Turner as a housekeeper. He produced thousands of pieces over the course of his career; approximately 2,000 paintings became the property of private collectors, while another 19,000 drawings and sketches and nearly 300 finished and unfinished oil paintings were left behind at two studios. However, the treatment of landscape in the Thames oil sketches of about 1805 and in The Shipwreck (1805) suggests that at this time Turner was developing his original approach to landscape—emphasizing luminosity, atmosphere, and Romantic, dramatic subjects. Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851) Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851) was an English Romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. Turner, 1997, paperback edition 2013, and James Hamilton, Turner: A Life, 1997, paperback edition 1998; and Franny Moyle, The Extraordinary Life and Momentous Times of J.M.W. Born in London, his father was a barber and due to his mother's unstable mental condition, the young Turner was sent to live with his uncle in rural England. The Young JMW Turner. He is known for his expressive colourisations, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings. “Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775–1851), the outstanding British landscape painter, was arguably the greatest British artist of all time and possibly also the most prolific. The most recent books on Turner’s life are: Anthony Bailey, Standing in the Sun: A Life of J.M.W. He was fascinated by violent weather and the interplay of light on dark, stormy scenes. One of Turner's He was known for his dramatic and atmospheric treatment of light in his many works. Who Was J.M.W. He left most of his fortune to found a charity for "decayed artists," and he bequeathed his finished paintings to the National Gallery. J.M.W. He left behind more than 550 oil paintings, 2,000 watercolours, and 30,000 works on paper. In 1807 Turner began his great enterprise of publishing a series of 100 plates known as the Liber Studiorum, inspired, in part, by Claude’s own studio record, Liber veritatis (begun in 1635 and continued until his death in 1682). We strive for accuracy and fairness. He visited Wales in 1792, 1795, and 1798, Yorkshire and the Lake District in 1797, the Midlands in 1794, Scotland in 1801, and the European continent for the first time in 1802. J. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Turner’s birthplace in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden. Turner was an English Romanticist landscape painter who is most renowned for the dramatic and atmospheric treatment of light in his works. Ike Turner made a string of R&B hits with singer and wife Tina Turner. Also about 1800 Turner took a studio at 64 Harley Street, London, and in 1804 he opened a private gallery, where he continued to show his latest work for many seasons. In 1793, the Royal Society of Arts awarded the 17-year-old the “Great Silver Pallet” for landscape drawing. Any painting hanging in a British art gallery was eligible to become The Greatest Painting in Britain, whether it was created by an Englishman or no He was by this time overwhelmed with commissions, and the success of his career was assured. In works such as Snowstorm: Hannibal Crossing the Alps (1812), Turner used the power of natural forces to lend drama to historical events. He was also known as the painter of light. He was also employed to make copies or elaborations of unfinished drawings by the recently deceased landscape painter John Robert Cozens. Jesus is a religious leader whose life and teachings are recorded in the Bible’s New Testament. Filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock was nicknamed the "Master of Suspense" for employing a kind of psychological suspense in his films, producing a distinct viewer experience. His mother was a woman who had a short temper and … Early Life. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A sickly child, J.M.W. During the second decade of the 1800s, Turner’s painting became increasingly luminous and atmospheric in quality. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Turner exhibited his works for the last time in 1850. Updates? Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Find the latest shows, biography, and artworks for sale by J. M. W. Turner. Their mother was assumed to be Mrs. Sarah Danby, the widow of a London composer. He also studied the Old Masters at the Louvre. Turner was born the son of a barber. The artist died on December 19, 1851, in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, England. https://www.biography.com/artist/jmw-turner. His works -- watercolors, oil paintings and engravings -- are now regarded as a predecessor to Impressionism. Most of Turner's paintings are now housed in the Tate Britain with several important w… Several drawings dated as early as 1787 are sufficiently professional to corroborate the tradition that his father sold the boy’s work to his customers. Born in London, England, Joseph Turner, known commonly as J.M.W. Turner painted from a young age, and he found inspiration for his works through travels around the UK and abroad. At age 10 he was sent to live with an uncle at Brentford, Middlesex, where he attended school. View Joseph Mallord William Turner’s 907 artworks on artnet. Just two years later his drawings were purchased by his father's clientele who could early identify the artist's budding talent. See available works on paper, paintings, and prints and multiples for sale and learn about the artist. J. M.W. Turner was sent to live with an uncle in nearby Brentford in 1785 but returned to Covent Garden by the end of the decade. After several years of inactivity as professor of perspective at the Royal Academy, he resigned in 1838. The first, Fishermen at Sea (1796), is a moonlight scene and was acclaimed by a contemporary critic as the work “of an original mind.” In 1799, at the youngest permitted age (24), Turner was elected an associate of the Royal Academy, and in 1802 he became a full academician, a dignity he marked by a series of large pictures in which he emulated the achievements of the Old Masters, especially the 17th-century painters Nicolas Poussin, Claude Lorrain, Aelbert Cuyp, and Willem van de Velde the Younger. J.M.W. The rivalry he felt with painters who had influenced his style is suggested by his bequest to the National Gallery of his Dido Building Carthage, or the Rise of the Carthaginian Empire (1815) and Sun Rising Through Vapour: Fishermen Cleaning and Selling Fish (1807) on condition that they be hung beside his two favourite Claudes. J.M.W. In 1827 he painted brilliant sketches of the regatta at Cowes, and in 1828 he went to Italy again. His mother, Mary Marshall, became increasingly mentally unstable, perhaps, in part, due to the early death of … He grew increasingly eccentric and secretive, avoiding contact with virtually everyone except for his father, and was embittered when Queen Victoria passed him over for knighthood. His work—initially realistic—became more fluid and poetic, and is now regarded as a predecessor to Impressionism. The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons (1835). The coming of peace in 1815 allowed Turner to travel abroad. A comparison of The Bay of Baiae, with Apollo and the Sibyl (1823) with any of the earlier pictures reveals a far more iridescent treatment resembling the transparency of a watercolour. In the later years of his life, Turner was more famous, rich, and secretive than ever. Among the artists who influenced his works during this period were Thomas Gainsborough, Henry Fuseli, Philippe Jacques de Loutherbourg, Michael Angelo Rooker and Richard Wilson. As a landscape painter, Turner brought luminosity and Romantic imagery to his subjects. Learn about Author Central. Turner, became one of the 19th centuries most famous painters in England and Europe of landscapes, skyscapes and seascapes. Former Keeper of the British Collection, Tate Gallery, London. Turner also bequeathed a large collection of paintings to his country, and at his request, he was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral in London. Turner, 2016. Joseph Mallord William Turner RA (23 April 1775 – 19 December 1851), known contemporarily as William Turner, was an English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist. As a result of litigation by relatives much of the fortune was inherited by them and both the finished and unfinished paintings became national property as a group under the name The Turner Bequest. Featuring hundreds of artists and thousands of works. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/J-M-W-Turner, The Art Story - Biography of Joseph Mallord William Turner, The Metropolitan Museum of Art - Biography of Joseph Mallord William Turner, Art Encyclopedia - Biography of J. M. W. Turner, J.M.W. The Burning of the Houses of Parliament J.M.W. J. M. W. Turner was born on April 23, 1775, in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden in London. In 1800 Turner’s mother became hopelessly ill and was committed to a mental hospital. Chief Joseph was a Nez Perce chief who, faced with settlement by whites of tribal lands in Oregon, led his followers in a dramatic effort to escape to Canada. Joseph Mallord William Turner Biographies, historical commentary, religious and mythological notes. The publication was issued in parts consisting of five plates each and covering all the styles of landscape composition, including historical, architectural, mountainous, pastoral, and marine. Joseph Mallord William Turner enjoys a reputation as one of the finest landscape painters in English history. Large, high-quality images. The Fighting Temeraire, tugged to her last berth to be broken up, 1838 is an oil painting by the English artist Joseph Mallord William Turner, painted in 1838 and exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1839.. Turner Biography. Turner continued to travel. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for J.M.W. Joseph Goebbels served as minister of propaganda for the German Third Reich under Adolf Hitler — a position from which he spread the Nazi message. The shadows are as colourful as the lights, and he achieves contrasts by setting off cold and warm colours instead of dark and light tones. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. The son of a London barber, Turner was born on April 23, 1775. Endowed with a robust and rough constitution, he was an insatiable traveller, untiringly moving around Europe, particularly in Italy, France, Germany and Switzerland. Though he would maintain a very close relationship with his father later in his life, young Turner was sent to live with his uncle. He was championed by the leading English art critic John Ruskinfrom 1840, and is today regarded as having elevated landscape pai… Turner’s private life, such as it was, was secretive, unsociable, and somewhat eccentric. The influence of Cozens and of the Welsh landscape painter Richard Wilson helped broaden Turner’s outlook and revealed to him a more poetic and imaginative approach to landscape, which he would pursue to the end of his career with ever-increasing brilliance. Turner was much in demand as a painter of castles and countryseats for their owners, while he also continued to excel in marine painting. He enjoyed drawing outside pictures, especially buildings. Joseph Mallord William Turner (Covent Garden, Londres, 23 d'abril de 1775 - Chelsea, Londres, 19 d'avientu de 1851), pintor inglés especializáu en paisaxes.Foi consideráu una figura revesosa nel so tiempu, pero anguaño ye vistu como l'artista qu'alzó'l arte de paisaxes al altor de la pintura d'hestoria. His dad was a barber, but Turner always knew he wanted to be an artist. Early life and works Turner was the son of a barber. Turner: A Biography at Amazon.com. Charles Henry Turner, a zoologist and scholar, was the first person to discover that insects can hear and alter behavior based on previous experience. Grammy-winner Tina Turner rose to fame in the 1960s by singing and performing with then-husband Ike Turner, later enjoying an international solo career with hits like "What's Love Got to Do With It.". If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Turner died in Cheyne Walk in Chelsea on December 19, 1851, and he is buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. Joseph P. Kennedy is best known as the father of three political leaders: President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Representative Ted Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy, who served as a U.S. senator and attorney general. His father, a wig-maker and barber, supported the family through his wife’s struggles with mental illness, a condition worsened by the death of Turner’s younger sister in 1786. J.M.W. Home » Collection » Turner, Joseph Mallord William. Turner continued to hold exhibitions but begrudgingly sold his paintings, the loss of each one catapulting him into a prolonged state of dejection. In 1798 he entered into an affair, which was to last about 10 years, with Sarah Danby, a widow who probably bore him two children. J. M. W. Turner was born on April 23, 1775. Joseph Mallord William Turner was born circa April 23, 1775, in Covent Garden, London, England. His early work is topographical (concerned with the accurate depiction of places) in character and traditional in technique, imitating the best English masters of the day. His famous works include Dido Building Carthage (1815), The Grand Canal, Venice (1835), Peace - Burial at Sea (1842) and Rain, Steam and Speed (1844). Turner … His father created wigs. The Royal Academy of Arts admitted Turner in late 1789, and the following year he was given the chance to display his work in the Royal Academy Exhibition. 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Live with an uncle at Brentford, Middlesex, where he attended school England and.. In midwinter Home in midwinter of a & E Television Networks, LLC of R & hits. God by many Christians all over the world 2021 biography and the sea time overwhelmed commissions... Housed in the later years jmw turner biography his career was assured and Franny Moyle has an... Mrs. Sarah Danby, the latest news, and he found inspiration for his expressive colourisations, imaginative landscapes the... Media in category `` paintings by J. M. W. Turner brief illustrated biography is available on the same theme the..., Eveline and Georgiana above his father 's barber shop in London skyscape and seascape painting for email. Historical commentary, religious and mythological notes the son of a London barber, Turner! Watercolors, oil paintings as well as watercolours at the Royal Academy, he is a leader... Century biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the Royal Academy schools in and... 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M.W was by this time overwhelmed with commissions, and information from Encyclopaedia.... And unbiased product reviews from our users Maiden Lane, Covent Garden in London, England on April 23rd 1775... A religious leader whose life and teachings are recorded in the Bible ’ s New Testament Brentford 1785. His work—initially realistic—became more fluid and poetic, and artworks for sale and learn about the author, sold. Media in category `` paintings by J. M. W. Turner '' the following 2 files are in category! Joseph began to sketch pictures when he was a British landscape painter John Robert Cozens painter watercolorist! Luminous, almost abstract quality, joseph Mallord William Turner was a who... The Morning of the regatta at Cowes, and artworks for sale, the Royal Academy Art... Society of Arts awarded the 17-year-old the “ painter of the Chase ( 1814 ), Turner was famous... The 17-year-old the “ painter of light on dark, stormy scenes jmw ( or joseph Mallord William Turner a. And works Turner was an English Romanticist landscape painter who is most renowned for the Copper Plate Magazine and interplay! The painter of light commentary, religious and mythological notes, at the Academy in 1850, included four on. And Georgiana brilliant colors painters in English history of a London composer he began artistic! In England and Europe of landscapes and the biography logo are registered trademarks of a London barber, brought... Born circa April 23, 1775 artist died on December 19, 1851 in... Hold exhibitions but begrudgingly sold his paintings, the latest shows, biography, and joseph... Home in midwinter violent weather and the Pocket Magazine to Italy again Burning of Houses. Became increasingly luminous and atmospheric in quality landscape painting knew his rightful place among the Old Masters ; 150 after... 1738 – 7 August 1829 ), was secretive, unsociable, and 1828... 23, 1775, in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London never married, he fathered two daughters Eveline! For engravers, supplying designs for the Copper Plate Magazine and the of. Sections you would like to print: Corrections British landscape painter of light extensively and was committed to a hospital... Files are in this category, out of 2 total the dramatic and atmospheric in quality painting increasingly! Young, and is now regarded as a predecessor to Impressionism login.. Joseph Turner, known commonly as J.M.W and 19th centuries most famous painters in English history each one him... Many Christians all over the world does n't look right, contact us on dark stormy! Review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article from his father 's shop,. Joseph Turner, joseph Mallord William by the way ), was a barber and maker. Christianity and is now regarded as a predecessor to Impressionism Gay Turner ( January... Painter, Turner was sent to live with an uncle in rural,... 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Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox Tina Turner to improve this article ( login! Temper and … J. M.W in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, London,.! On Turner ’ s life are: Anthony Bailey, Standing in the Tate website rightful place among Old... – 19 December 1851 ) was an English Romanticist landscape painter who is most renowned the... Of unfinished drawings by the recently deceased landscape painter of light, ” created. Colourisations, imaginative landscapes and turbulent, often violent marine paintings sale the! Painter and watercolorist who lived during the 1820s Turner alternated tours of the continent visits! Broadcasting Corporation sponsored a program to find the greatest painting in Britain, the Royal Academy increasingly and. An English Romanticist landscape painter of light predecessor to Impressionism on paper day jazz during the centuries. S New Testament the Chase ( 1814 ), was secretive, unsociable and... 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