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The University of Ancient Taxila was a renowned ancient university in the city of Taxila, .The information about Taxila is first from Valmiki Ramayana. The Ramayana describes Takshashila as a magnific… The campus accommodated for students who came from as far as Bablonisa, Greece, Arabia and China. It's widely acknowledged as first example of higher learning in the world history. © 2021 Diary Store. Taimoor Hassan Senior Assistant Manager at Azgard Nine Ltd ... Taxila. [11], Charaka, the Indian "father of medicine" and one of the leading authorities in Ayurveda, is also said to have studied at Taxila, and practiced there. Admissions into Takshasila University were based on merit of the students. Ruins dating from the Early Harappan period around 2900 BCE have also been discovered in the Taxila area,though the area was eventually abandoned after the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilisation. What Are The Painting Techniques One Should Know Before Applying To Art Colleges? The student would option for electives and then would do research and study in depth into their field of choice. [9], A Buddhist story about Aṅgulimāla (also called Ahiṃsaka, and later a close follower of Buddha), relates how his parents send him to Taxila to study under a well-known teacher. In connection with the mention of the victories of King Ramachandra of Ayodhya, we learn that his younger brother Bharata won the country (Gandhara) of Gandharvo with the invitation and assistance of his maternal grandfather Kekairaj Ashwapati and appointed his two sons as the rulers there. . [12][13], The great 5th century BCE Indian grammarian Pāṇini is said to have been born in the northwest, in Shalatula near Attock, not far from Taxila, in what was then a satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire following the Achaemenid conquest of the Indus Valley, but the ethnicity in his name or the way of his life shows that he was of Indian origin. Nalanda is one of the well-known ancient universities of India. Nalanda. Some of the city’s ruins date back to the sixth century BCE when the Achaemenid Empire ruled in the region. Taxila (Urdu: ٹيکسلا ‎), is a city in Rawalpindi District of the Punjab, Pakistan.Taxila is situated about 32 km (20 mi) north-west of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, along the historic Grand Trunk Road, near the important Sikh pilgrimage centre of Hasan Abdal, and the Mughal-era Wah Gardens.. Taxila was on the eastern coast of the Indus river. The Indo-Greeks built a new capital, Sirkap, on the opposite bank of the Indus river from Taxila. SushruthaSamhita, AshtangaSangraha and AshtangaHrudayam were written by Charaka. He spells the name of the city in Brahmi as ‘Takhkhasila’. [19][20] These accounts match Plutarch's assertion that Alexander the Great met with the young Chandragupta while campaigning in the Punjab. Gurudakshina was expected for completion of a student’s studies. The third and last city of Taxila is at Sirsukh and relates to the Kushan rulers. The second city of Taxila is located at Sirkap and was built by Greco-Bactrian kings in the 2nd century BC. Acharya Chankya was born in Kusumpur near Pataliputra (Patna). The reference of Taxila University is also found in Valimi Ramayana. Taxila was at the crossroad of the main trade roads of Asia, was probably populated by Persians and many ethnicities coming from the various parts of the Achaemenid Empire. Explore the Possibilities: Study in Singapore! By some accounts, Taxila was considered to be one of the earliest (or the earliest) universities in the world. 68 subjects were taught at this university and the minimum entry age, ancient texts show, was 16. After the Mahabharata war, Parikshit's descendants retained authority there for a few generations and Janamejaya did his Nagayagya there (Maha 0, Swargohrana Parva, chapter 5). [6], The Achaemenid conquest of the Indus Valley made Taxila a part of the Achaemenid Empire.  Educational institutes- Taxila, Nalanda and vallabhi Taxila university By some accounts, Taxila was considered to be one of the earliest (or the earliest) universities in the world. Teachers provide free boarding and accommodation for poor students. [8] According to Stephen Batchelor, the Buddha may have been influenced by the experiences and knowledge acquired by some of his closest followers in the foreign capital of Taxila. Jivaka was an expert in pulse reading. Jivaka was a physician in Ancient India and follower of Gautama Buddha. It is approximately 20 mi from Rawalpindi and Islamabad. [14][15][16], Kautilya (also called Chanakya), the influential Prime Minister of the founder of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta Maurya, is also said to have been a professor teaching in Taxila. Archaeological excavations show that the city may have grown significantly during the rule of the Persian Achaemenid Empirein the 6th century BCE. The Gandharva country was situated on both banks of the Indus River (Sindorubhayat: Parshva Desh: Paramshobhan:, Valmiki Ramayana, VII, 100-11) and on its sides, two sons named Taksha and Pushkal of Bharata settled their respective capitals named Taxila and Pushkaravati. Between 600BC and 500AD, Taxila was in the kingdom of Gandhar, in Ancient India before partition, but now Takshashila is in Rawalpindi district of … Student’s minimum age is stipulated at sixteen to join the Takshashila University. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. And he gave this region name Taksha. By some accounts, Taxila was considered to be one of the earliest (or the earliest) universities in the world. The beginnings of human occupation in the area can be traced back to the microlithic hunters of the period before 3500 BCE, most importantly at three important caves discovered in 1964 CE by Elden Johnson of the University of Minnesota at Bhamala, Mohra Moradu and Khanpur. . Jan 29, 2013 - Taxila university is Situated twenty miles northwest of the modern city of Rawalpindi, It was a famous educational centre in ancient India. Ashtadhyayi means eight chapters and is more complicated and highly technical and specific defining the features and rules of Sanskrit grammar. Taxila university. Takshashila entrance exam was very difficult to clear. More than 10,500 students studied in Takshasila University. According to the Ramayana, the city in which this university is located, this city was built by the son of Ram’s brother Bharat. Ashtadhyayi was written by Panini. Site Engineer GSSE Aug 2015 - May 2016 10 months. Early agricultural communities developed around 3500-2700 BCE as is evidenced from th… World’s Smallest And 3-D Printed KalamSat Satellite Launched NASA. 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